计算机网络技术

Web News, Technology, Science, etc

网络技术是从1990年代中期发展起来的新技术,它把互联网上分散的资源融为有机整体,实现资源的全面共享和有机协作,使人们能够透明地使用资源的整体能力并按需获取信息。

白帽子安全:

IT 计算机&信息网络 技术:

URFDS: Systematic discovery of Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards in web applications

Author:
Jing Wang, Hongjun Wu
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Abstract:
URL redirection is necessary in web applications. Well-designed redirection makes better user experience. However, if usedimproperly, it could give rise to attacks such as phishing. These improperly used redirections are called Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards (URF). This paper prescribes a mechanism to systemically discover URF vulnerabilities in web applications. The prototype implementation, that we call Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards Detection System (URFDS), uses a black-box scanning technique to modify URLs and analyse the generated output to identify URF. In order to show the feasible of our approach, we tested 142,522,691 unique links and found a great number of vulnerabilities in top websites and popular applications that were overlooked by previous works.

http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=7346891


白帽子计算机安全:

IT 计算机信息网络安全技术:

Daily Mail Online Website XSS Cyber Security Zero-Day Vulnerability



Website Description:
“The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-market tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust. First published in 1896 by Lord Northcliffe, it is the United Kingdom’s second biggest-selling daily newspaper after The Sun. Its sister paper The Mail on Sunday was launched in 1982. Scottish and Irish editions of the daily paper were launched in 1947 and 2006 respectively. The Daily Mail was Britain’s first daily newspaper aimed at the newly-literate “lower-middle class market resulting from mass education, combining a low retail price with plenty of competitions, prizes and promotional gimmicks”, and was the first British paper to sell a million copies a day. It was at the outset a newspaper for women, the first to provide features especially for them, and as of the second-half of 2013 had a 54.77% female readership, the only British newspaper whose female readers constitute more than 50% of its demographic. It had an average daily circulation of 1,708,006 copies in March 2014. Between July and December 2013 it had an average daily readership of approximately 3.951 million, of whom approximately 2.503 million were in the ABC1 demographic and 1.448 million in the C2DE demographic. Its website has more than 100 million unique visitors per month.” (Wikipedia)

 

Domain Name:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/

The Alexa rank of it is 93 on January 01 2015. It is one of the most popular websites in the United Kingdom.

 


 

(1) Vulnerability description:

Daily Mail has a security problem. Criminals can exploit it by XSS attacks.

The vulnerability occurs at “reportAbuseInComment.html?” page with “&commentId” parameter, i.e.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/reportAbuseInComment.html?articleId=346288&commentId=877038

 

 

POC Code:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/reportAbuseInComment.html?articleId=346288&commentId=”><img
src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>

The vulnerability can be attacked without user log in. Tests were performed on Mozilla Firefox (34.0) in Ubuntu (14.04) and Microsoft IE (9.0.15) in Windows 7.

 

Poc Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oig-ZrlJDf8&feature=youtu.be

 

Blog Detail:
http://tetraph.com/security/web-security/daily-mail-xss-bug/
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/10/daily-mail-online-website-xss-cyber.html
https://vulnerabilitypost.wordpress.com/2015/10/30/daily-mail-xss/

 

 


(2) What is XSS?
“Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of computer security vulnerability typically found in web applications. XSS enables attackers to inject client-side script into web pages viewed by other users. A cross-site scripting vulnerability may be used by attackers to bypass access controls such as the same-origin policy. Cross-site scripting carried out on websites accounted for roughly 84% of all security vulnerabilities documented by Symantec as of 2007. Their effect may range from a petty nuisance to a significant security risk, depending on the sensitivity of the data handled by the vulnerable site and the nature of any security mitigation implemented by the site’s owner.” (Wikipedia)

 

 

 

(3) Vulnerability Disclosure:
This vulnerability has been patched.

 

 

 

Discoved and Disclosured By:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing

 

 

 

Reference:
https://packetstormsecurity.com/files/134189/Daily-Mail-Unvalidated-Redirec
http://news.softpedia.com/news/the-telegraph-and-daily-mail-fix-xss
https://www.secnews.gr/dailymail_open_redirect_bug
http://whitehatview.tumblr.com/post/132726489926/daily-mail-xss
http://sys-secure.es/daily-mail-registration-page-unvalidated
http://itsecuritynews.info/tag/jing-wang/
http://itsecurity.lofter.com/post/1cfbf9e7_8d45d6b
http://computerobsess.blogspot.com/2015/11/daily-mail-xss.html
https://computertechhut.wordpress.com/2015/11/04/daily-mail-xss/
http://marc.info/?l=full-disclosure&m=144651836427184&w=4


白帽子计算机安全:

Daily mail Registration Page Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards & XSS Web Security Problem

 

Website Description:
"The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-market tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust. First published in 1896 by Lord Northcliffe, it is the United Kingdom’s second biggest-selling daily newspaper after The Sun. Its sister paper The Mail on Sunday was launched in 1982. Scottish and Irish editions of the daily paper were launched in 1947 and 2006 respectively. The Daily Mail was Britain’s first daily newspaper aimed at the newly-literate “lower-middle class market resulting from mass education, combining a low retail price with plenty of competitions, prizes and promotional gimmicks”, and was the first British paper to sell a million copies a day. It was at the outset a newspaper for women, the first to provide features especially for them, and as of the second-half of 2013 had a 54.77% female readership, the only British newspaper whose female readers constitute more than 50% of its demographic. It had an average daily circulation of 1,708,006 copies in March 2014. Between July and December 2013 it had an average daily readership of approximately 3.951 million, of whom approximately 2.503 million were in the ABC1 demographic and 1.448 million in the C2DE demographic. Its website has more than 100 million unique visitors per month.” (Wikipedia)

One of its website’s Alexa rank is 93 on January 01 2015. The website is one of the most popular websites in the United Kingdom.

The Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards problem has not been patched, while the XSS problem has been patched.

 

 

 

(1) Daily mail Registration Page Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards Web Security Problem

 

(1.1) Vulnerability Description:
Daily online websites have a cyber security problem. Hacker can exploit it by Open Redirect (Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards) attacks. During the tests, all Daily mail websites (Daily Mail, Mail on Sunday & Metro media group) use the same mechanism. These websites include dailymail.co.uk, thisismoney.co.uk, and mailonsunday.co.uk.

 

 

Google Dork:
“Part of the Daily Mail, The Mail on Sunday & Metro Media Group”

 

 

The vulnerability occurs at “&targetUrl” parameter in “logout.html?” page, i.e.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fgoogle.com

 

 

 

(1.1.1) Use the following tests to illustrate the scenario painted above.

The redirected webpage address is “http://diebiyi.com/articles“. Can suppose that this webpage is malicious.

 

 

Vulnerable URLs:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fdailymail.co.uk
http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fhao123.com/
http://www.mailonsunday.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fpinterest.com

 

 

POC Code:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fdiebiyi.com/articles
http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fdiebiyi.com/articles
http://www.mailonsunday.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fdiebiyi.com/articles

 

 

POC Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AU-HJGe5BWE&feature=youtu.be

 

 

Blog Details:
http://tetraph.com/security/website-test/daily-mail-url-redirection/
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/10/daily-mail-registration-page.html

 

 

 

(1.1.2) The program code flaw can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Microsoft IE (9 9.0.8112.16421) of Windows 8, Mozilla Firefox (37.0.2) & Google Chromium 42.0.2311 (64-bit) of Ubuntu (14.04.2),and Apple Safari 6.1.6 of Mac OS X v10.9 Mavericks.

These bugs were found by using URFDS (Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards Detection System).

 

 

 

(1.2) Description of Open Redirect:
Here is the description of Open Redirect: “A web application accepts a user-controlled input that specifies a link to an external site, and uses that link in a Redirect. This simplifies phishing attacks. An http parameter may contain a URL value and could cause the web application to redirect the request to the specified URL. By modifying the URL value to a malicious site, an attacker may successfully launch a phishing scam and steal user credentials. Because the server name in the modified link is identical to the original site, phishing attempts have a more trustworthy appearance.” (From CWE)

 

 

 

(1.3) Vulnerability Disclosure:
These vulnerabilities have not been patched.

 

 

 

 

(2) Daily Mail Website XSS Cyber Security Zero-Day Vulnerability

(2.1) Vulnerability description:
DailyMail has a security problem. Criminals can exploit it by XSS attacks.

The vulnerability occurs at “reportAbuseInComment.html?” page with “&commentId” parameter, i.e.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/reportAbuseInComment.html?articleId=346288&commentId=877038

 

 

POC Code:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/reportAbuseInComment.html?articleId=346288&commentId=”><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>

The vulnerability can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Mozilla Firefox (34.0) in Ubuntu (14.04) and Microsoft IE (9.0.15) in Windows 7.



Poc Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oig-ZrlJDf8&feature=youtu.be


Blog Detail:
http://tetraph.com/security/web-security/daily-mail-xss-bug/
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/10/daily-mail-online-website-xss-cyber.html

 

 




(2.2) What is XSS?
“Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of computer security vulnerability typically found in web applications. XSS enables attackers to inject client-side script into web pages viewed by other users. A cross-site scripting vulnerability may be used by attackers to bypass access controls such as the same-origin policy. Cross-site scripting carried out on websites accounted for roughly 84% of all security vulnerabilities documented by Symantec as of 2007. Their effect may range from a petty nuisance to a significant security risk, depending on the sensitivity of the data handled by the vulnerable site and the nature of any security mitigation implemented by the site’s owner.” (Wikipedia)

 

 

 

(2.3) Vulnerability Disclosure:
This vulnerability has been patched.

 

 



Blog Details:
http://tetraph.com/security/website-test/daily-mail-open-redirect-xss/
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/10/daily-mail-url-redirection-and-xss-bug.html
https://vulnerabilitypost.wordpress.com/2015/10/30/daily-mail-url-redirect-xss/

 

 

Discover and Reporter:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing

 

 

 

 

Reference:
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/2643
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/11/03/8
https://infoswift.wordpress.com/2015/11/02/daily-mail-xss/
http://frenchairing.blogspot.com/2015/11/daily-mail-xss-bug.html
https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2015110028
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg02683.html
https://progressive-comp.com/?l=full-disclosure&m=144651836427184&w=1
http://whitehatpost.lofter.com/post/1cc773c8_8d458d1
http://ithut.tumblr.com/post/132724992778/daily-mail-xss
https://biyiniao.wordpress.com/2015/11/03/daily-mail-xss/
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Nov/7
http://japanbroad.blogspot.com/2015/11/daily-mail-xss.html


日常生活點滴的記錄:

IT 计算机信息网络安全技术:

TeleGraph All Photo (Picture) Pages Have Been Vulnerable to XSS Cyber Attacks


Website Description:
http://www.telegraph.co.uk


"The Daily Telegraph is a British daily morning English-language broadsheet newspaper, published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed throughout the United Kingdom and internationally. The newspaper was founded by Arthur B. Sleigh in June 1855 as The Daily Telegraph and Courier, and since 2004 has been owned by David and Frederick Barclay. It had a daily circulation of 523,048 in March 2014, down from 552,065 in early 2013. In comparison, The Times had an average daily circulation of 400,060, down to 394,448. The Daily Telegraph has a sister paper, The Sunday Telegraph, that was started in 1961, which had circulation of 418,670 as of March 2014. The two printed papers currently are run separately with different editorial staff, but there is cross-usage of stories. News articles published in either, plus online Telegraph articles, may also be published on the Telegraph Media Group's www.telegraph.co.uk website, all under The Telegraph title." (From Wikipedia)



(1) Vulnerability Description:
Telegraph has a Web security bug problem. It is vulnerable to XSS attacks. In fact, all its photo pages are vulnerable to XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) vulnerabilities. Telegraph's picture pages use "&frame" as its parameter. All its web pages use "&frame" are vulnerable to the bugs. Those vulnerabilities have been patched now.



Examples of Vulnerable Links:
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturepicturegalleries/10663967/The-worlds-most-spectacular-theatres.html?frame=2836095

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/property/investmentinproperty/10609314/For-sale-top-20-properties-ripe-for-investment.html?frame=2808162

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/foodanddrink/foodanddrinkpicturegalleries/9737226/Elephant-dung-coffee-Black-Ivory-beans-passed-through-the-animals-guts.html?frame=2424280

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/9487434/Graduate-jobs-Best-languages-to-study.html?frame=2314790

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/motoring/picturegalleries/10782171/The-20-best-cars-to-own-in-2014.html?frame=2890278



POC Code:
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturepicturegalleries/10663967/The-worlds-most-spectacular-theatres.html?frame=2836095"><img src=x onerror=prompt('justqdjing')>

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/property/investmentinproperty/10609314/For-sale-top-20-properties-ripe-for-investment.html?frame=2808162"><img src=x onerror=prompt('justqdjing')>

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/foodanddrink/foodanddrinkpicturegalleries/9737226/Elephant-dung-coffee-Black-Ivory-beans-passed-through-the-animals-guts.html?frame=2424280"><img src=x onerror=prompt('justqdjing')>

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/9487434/Graduate-jobs-Best-languages-to-study.html?frame=2314790"><img src=x onerror=prompt('justqdjing')>

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/motoring/picturegalleries/10782171/The-20-best-cars-to-own-in-2014.html?frame=2890278"><img src=x onerror=prompt('justqdjing')>

The vulnerability can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Firefox (37.02) in Ubuntu (14.04) and IE (8.0. 7601) in Windows 7. The bugs found by using CSXDS.



   


(2) XSS Description:
The description of XSS is: "Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks are a type of injection, in which malicious scripts are injected into otherwise benign and trusted web sites. XSS attacks occur when an attacker uses a web application to send malicious code, generally in the form of a browser side script, to a different end user. Flaws that allow these attacks to succeed are quite widespread and occur anywhere a web application uses input from a user within the output it generates without validating or encoding it." (OWSAP)


Poc Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SqjlabJ1OzA&feature=youtu.be


Blog Details:
http://www.tetraph.com/security/website-test/telegraph-xss/
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/10/telegraph-xss-0day.html
https://vulnerabilitypost.wordpress.com/2015/10/30/telegraph-bug/



(3) Vulnerability Disclosure:
Those vulnerabilities are patched now.


Discoved and Disclosured By:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing




References:
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/11/03/7
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/2642
http://russiapost.blogspot.com/2015/11/telegraph-xss.html
https://itinfotechnology.wordpress.com/2015/11/01/telegraph-xss/
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg02682.html
https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2015110023
http://marc.info/?l=full-disclosure&m=144651821527165&w=4
http://germancast.blogspot.com/2015/11/telegraph-xss.html
http://itsecurity.lofter.com/post/1cfbf9e7_8d3ea9e
http://whitehatview.tumblr.com/post/132723700196/telegraph-xss
https://itswift.wordpress.com/2015/11/02/telegraph-xss/
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Nov/4



 

白帽子计算机安全:

IT 计算机信息网络安全技术:

VuFind 1.0 Reflected XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Application 0-Day Web Security Bug



Exploit Title: VuFind Results? &lookfor parameter Reflected XSS Web Security Vulnerability

Product: VuFind

Vendor: VuFind

Vulnerable Versions: 1.0

Tested Version: 1.0

Advisory Publication: September 20, 2015

Latest Update: September 25, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference:

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Reporter: Wang Jing [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)









Caution Details:



(1) Vendor & Product Description:



Vendor:

VuFind




Product & Vulnerable Versions:

VuFind

1.0




Vendor URL & Download:

Product can be obtained from here,
http://sourceforge.net/p/vufind/news/





Product Introduction Overview:

"VuFind is a library resource portal designed and developed for libraries by libraries. The goal of VuFind is to enable your users to search and browse through all of your library's resources by replacing the traditional OPAC to include: Catalog Records, Locally Cached Journals, Digital Library Items, Institutional Repository, Institutional Bibliography, Other Library Collections and Resources. VuFind is completely modular so you can implement just the basic system, or all of the components. And since it's open source, you can modify the modules to best fit your need or you can add new modules to extend your resource offerings. VuFind runs on Solr Energy. Apache Solr, an open source search engine, offers amazing performance and scalability to allow for VuFind to respond to search queries in milliseconds time. It has the ability to be distributed if you need to spread the load of the catalog over many servers or in a server farm environment. VuFind is offered for free through the GPL open source license. This means that you can use the software for free. You can modify the software and share your successes with the community! Take a look at our VuFind Installations Wiki page to see how a variety of organizations have taken advantage of VuFind's flexibility. If you are already using VuFind, feel free to edit the page and share your accomplishments. "







(2) Vulnerability Details:

VuFind web application has a computer security problem. Hackers can exploit it by reflected XSS cyber attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user's browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.


Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug researchers before. VuFind has patched some of them. "scip AG was founded in 2002. We are driven by innovation, sustainability, transparency, and enjoyment of our work. We are completely self-funded and are thus in the comfortable position to provide completely independent and neutral services. Our staff consists of highly specialized experts who focus on the topic information security and continuously further their expertise through advanced training".



(2.1) The code flaw occurs at "lookfor?" parameter in "/vufind/Resource/Results?" page.


Some other researcher has reported a similar vulnerability here and VuFind has patched it.
https://vufind.org/jira/si/jira.issueviews:issue-html/VUFIND-54/VUFIND-54.html








(3) Solution:

Update to new version.









    References:
    http://tetraph.com/security/xss-vulnerability/vufind-xss/
    http://russiapost.blogspot.ru/2015/09/vufind-xss-issue.html
    https://infoswift.wordpress.com/2015/09/25/vufind-issue/
    http://www.openwall.com/lists/oss-security/2015/09/25/2
    http://whitehatview.tumblr.com/post/129834589981/vufind-xss-bugs   
    http://itsecurity.lofter.com/post/1cfbf9e7_854cb25   
    https://progressive-comp.com/?l=oss-security&m=144316469829656&w=1
    http://essayjeans.blog.163.com/blog/static/23717307420158253407863/
    http://seclists.org/oss-sec/2015/q3/639
    http://frenchairing.blogspot.fr/2015/09/vufind-bug.html
    https://itswift.wordpress.com/2015/09/22/vufind-0day/
    http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.oss.general/17836



KnowledgeTree OSS 3.0.3b Application Reflected XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Security 0Day Vulnerability




Exploit Title: KnowledgeTree login.php &errorMessage parameter Reflected XSS Web Security Vulnerability

Product: Knowledge Tree Document Management System

Vendor: Knowledge Inc

Vulnerable Versions: OSS 3.0.3b

Tested Version: OSS 3.0.3b

Advisory Publication: August 22, 2015

Latest Update: August 31, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference:

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Reporter: Wang Jing [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)





Recommendation Details:



(1) Vendor & Product Description:



Vendor:

KnowledgeTree




Product & Vulnerable Versions:

Knowledge Tree Document Management System

OSS 3.0.3b




Vendor URL & Download:

Product can be obtained from here,

http://download.cnet.com/KnowledgeTree-Document-Management-System/3000-10743_4-10632972.html

http://www.knowledgetree.com/





Product Introduction Overview:

"KnowledgeTree is open source document management software designed for business people to use and install. Seamlessly connect people, ideas, and processes to satisfy all your collaboration, compliance, and business process requirements. KnowledgeTree works with Microsoft® Office®, Microsoft® Windows® and Linux®."








(2) Vulnerability Details:

KnowledgeTree web application has a computer security problem. Hackers can exploit it by reflected XSS cyber attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user's browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.


Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. KnowledgeTree has patched some of them. "Bugtraq is an electronic mailing list dedicated to issues about computer security. On-topic issues are new discussions about vulnerabilities, vendor security-related announcements, methods of exploitation, and how to fix them. It is a high-volume mailing list, and almost all new vulnerabilities are discussed there.". It has listed similar exploits, such as Bugtraq (Security Focus) 32920.




(2.1) The code flaw occurs at "&errorMessage" parameter in "login.php" page.


One similar bug is CVE-2008-5858. Its X-Force ID is 47529.






References:
http://seclists.org/oss-sec/2015/q3/458
http://tetraph.com/security/xss-vulnerability/knowledgetree-oss-3-0-3b-reflected-xss/
https://progressive-comp.com/?l=oss-security&m=144094021709472
https://infoswift.wordpress.com/2015/08/31/knowledge-tree-xss/
http://japanbroad.blogspot.jp/2015/08/knowledge-tree-bug-exploit.html
http://marc.info/?l=full-disclosure&m=144099659719456&w=4
http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/234603051201573144123156/
http://www.openwall.com/lists/oss-security/2015/08/30/2
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg02446.html
http://itinfotech.tumblr.com/post/128016383831/knowledge-tree-xss
http://germancast.blogspot.com/2015/08/knowledge-tree-xss.html
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.oss.general/17655
http://webtech.lofter.com/post/1cd3e0d3_806e1d4


白帽子计算机安全:

IT 计算机&信息网络 技术:

Winmail Server 4.2 Reflected XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Application 0-Day Security Bug



Exploit Title: Winmail Server badlogin.php &lid parameter Reflected XSS Web Security Vulnerability
Product: Winmail Server
Vendor: Winmail Server
Vulnerable Versions: 4.2   4.1
Tested Version: 4.2   4.1
Advisory Publication: August 24, 2015
Latest Update: August 30, 2015
Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]
CVE Reference:
Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):
CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)
Impact Subscore: 2.9
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6
CVSS Version 2 Metrics:
Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism
Access Complexity: Medium
Authentication: Not required to exploit
Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification
Discover and Reporter: Wang Jing [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)








Caution Details:


(1) Vendor & Product Description:


Vendor:

Winmail Server



Product & Vulnerable Versions:
Winmail Server
4.2   4.1



Vendor URL & Download:

Product can be obtained from here,
http://www.magicwinmail.net/download.asp




Product Introduction Overview:

"Winmail Server is an enterprise class mail server software system offering a robust feature set, including extensive security measures. Winmail Server supports SMTP, POP3, IMAP, Webmail, LDAP, multiple domains, SMTP authentication, spam protection, anti-virus protection, SSL security, Network Storage, remote access, Web-based administration, and a wide array of standard email options such as filtering, signatures, real-time monitoring, archiving, and public email folders. Winmail Server can be configured as a mail server or gateway for ISDN, ADSL, FTTB and cable modem networks, beyond standard LAN and Internet mail server configurations."








(2) Vulnerability Details:

Winmail Server web application has a computer security problem. Hackers can exploit it by reflected XSS cyber attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user's browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. Winmail Server has patched some of them. "scip AG was founded in 2002. We are driven by innovation, sustainability, transparency, and enjoyment of our work. We are completely self-funded and are thus in the comfortable position to provide completely independent and neutral services. Our staff consists of highly specialized experts who focus on the topic information security and continuously further their expertise through advanced training". Scip has recorded similar XSS bugs, such as scipID 26980.



(2.1) 
The code flaw occurs at "&lid" parameter in "badlogin.php" page. In fact, CVE-2005-3692 mentions that "&retid" parameter in "badlogin.php" page is vulnerable to XSS attacks. But it does not mention "&lid" parameter". The scipID of the bug is 26980. Bugtraq (SecurityFocus) ID is 15493. OSVDB ID is 20926.








References: 
http://seclists.org/oss-sec/2015/q3/459 
http://www.tetraph.com/security/xss-vulnerability/winmail-server-4-2-reflected-xss/ 
http://computerobsess.blogspot.com/2015/08/winmail-xss.html
http://marc.info/?l=oss-security&m=144094251309925&w=4
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.oss.general/17656
https://webtechwire.wordpress.com/2015/08/31/winmail-xss/
http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/234603051201573115638385/
http://webtechhut.blogspot.com/2015/08/winmail-xss-0day.html
http://ittechnology.lofter.com/post/1cfbf60d_806df2e
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/xss-vulnerability/fc2-blog-xss/
http://webcabinet.tumblr.com/post/128010125747/winmail-xss-bug 
http://www.openwall.com/lists/oss-security/2015/08/30/3
https://progressive-comp.com/?l=oss-security&m=144094251309925&w=1



日常生活點滴的記錄:

IT 计算机信息网络安全技术:

白帽子计算机安全:

PhotoPost PHP 4.8c Cookie Based Stored XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Application 0-Day Bug


Exploit Title: PhotoPost PHP __utmz Cookie Stored XSS Web Security Vulnerability

Product: PhotoPost PHP

Vendor: PhotoPost

Vulnerable Versions: 4.8c  4.8.6  4.8.5  4.8.2  3.1.1  vB3

Tested Version: 4.8c  vB3

Advisory Publication: July 25, 2015

Latest Update: July 28, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference:

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Reporter: Wang Jing [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)




Caution Details:


(1) Vendor & Product Description:


Vendor:

PhotoPost


Product & Vulnerable Versions:

PhotoPost PHP

4.8c  4.8.6  4.8.5  4.8.2  3.1.1  vB3


Vendor URL & Download:

Product can be obtained from here,

http://www.photopost.com/featuresphp.html


Product Introduction Overview:

"Your search to find the best photo gallery has led you to the most feature rich, best performing, and most widely used gallery available today. PhotoPost is the best way to offer your users the ability to upload, show off, share, discuss, and rate photos and videos on your site. We originally created PhotoPost in 2001 for TechIMO.com, our parent company's own tech discussion website with 2 Million forum posts and 200,000 users, and within weeks we were inundated with requests, so we decided to develop it into a product. Over the past 8 years, PhotoPost has undergone more than 100 "dot" updates by a team of expert developers to add features, tweak performance, and maximize stability. Always in high demand, PhotoPost has been purchased by a staggering 14,500 websites. PhotoPost is most popular amongst vBulletin forum owners. That's because we designed PhotoPost from the beginning to integrate efficiently with a website's existing vBulletin forum, offering users one integrated login and registration instead of two, stylesheet integration, and other enhancements. But what PhotoPost does well for vBulletin owners, it does equally well for those that wish to integrate a gallery with many other forum types, or to simply add a photo gallery to their website with no forum at all. "




(2) Vulnerability Details:

PhotoPost PHP web application has a computer security problem. Hackers can exploit it by XSS cyber attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user's browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.


Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. PhotoPost PHP has patched some of them. CXSECurity is a huge collection of information on data communications safety. Its main objective is to inform about errors in various applications. It also publishes suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to XSS vulnerabilities and cyber intelligence recommendations.


(2.1) The code flaw occurs at "|utmcct" parameter in "__utmz" Cookie.


For example, if a victim clicks the link below.

http://localhost/gallery/showphoto.php/photo/846/sort/'"><marquee><h1>test</h1></marquee><svg/onload=prompt(/tetraph/)>


The content of "__utmz" cookie will be the following:

__utma194200300.1295483682.1438243020.1438243020.1438245659.2

__utmc194200300

__utmz194200300.1438243020.1.1.utmccn=(referral)|utmcsr=mgs-on-track.com|utmcct=/gallery/showphoto.php/photo/846/sort/1%27%22%3E%3Cimg%20src=x%20onerror=alert%28%27tetraph%27%29%3E%3Cmarquee%3E%3Ch1%3Etest%3C/h1%3E%3C/marquee%3E|utmcmd=referral

__qcaP0-814178849-1438243024810

__utmb194200300

bbsessionhash1683dd3bd3edffbd8383db382f025eba

bblastvisit1438246612


So the malicious code can work in the user's browser for long time.


(2.2) Forum Integrations

"PhotoPost can optionally integrate as an add-on to an existing forum on your site, and we do this extremely well. PhotoPost is a perfect fit with a forum, because sharing and discussing photos within PhotoPost comes naturally for a forum community.


With our forum integration, your users will use their existing forum account to login to PhotoPost, without needing to register again and maintain a separate account. Additionally, we offer stylesheet integrations with several forums to easily setup your PhotoPost gallery to match your forum's look and feel, and with vBulletin 3.x we offer several additional enhancements."


Forum SoftwareUser LoginStylesheetsEnhanced*

vBulletin 5.x

vBulletin 4.x

vBulletin 3.x

Xenforo 1.x

UBBThreads 6.X

UBBThreads 7.X

InvisionBoard 1.0

InvisionBoard 2.0

InvisionBoard 3.0

FusionBB

MyBB 1.0

SMF 1.05 and up

SMF 2.0 and up

WowBB

e107

PHPBB 2.0

PHPBB 3.0

Wordpress 3.x

vBulletin 2.x

DCForums +

IkonBoard

Nuke

PostNuke

Mambo

XMB Forums


(Src: http://www.photopost.com/sites_frame.pl?http://www.photopost.com/photopost/adm-index.php)





References:
http://tetraph.com/security/xss-vulnerability/photopost-php/

http://computerobsess.blogspot.com/2015/07/photopost-php-48c-cookie
http://marc.info/?l=full-disclosure&m=143841053704734&w=4

http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/08/01/1
 
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/2300
 
https://hackertopic.wordpress.com/2015/07/30/photopost-xss/
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Aug/0
http://static-173-79-223-25.washdc.fios.verizon.net/?l=full-disclosure
http://en.hackdig.com/08/26974.htm
http://ithut.tumblr.com/post/125743980368/securitypost-photopost-php-48c-cookie-based
http://whitehatpost.blog.163.com/blog/static/24223205420157341741249/

   

日常生活點滴的記錄:

IT 计算机信息网络安全技术:

All Links in Two Topics of Indiatimes (indiatimes.com) Are Vulnerable to XSS (Cross Site Scripting) Attacks



(1) Domain Description:
http://www.indiatimes.com



"The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper. It is the third-largest newspaper in India by circulation and largest selling English-language daily in the world according to Audit Bureau of Circulations (India). According to the Indian Readership Survey (IRS) 2012, the Times of India is the most widely read English newspaper in India with a readership of 7.643 million. This ranks the Times of India as the top English daily in India by readership. It is owned and published by Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. which is owned by the Sahu Jain family. In the Brand Trust Report 2012, Times of India was ranked 88th among India's most trusted brands and subsequently, according to the Brand Trust Report 2013, Times of India was ranked 100th among India's most trusted brands. In 2014 however, Times of India was ranked 174th among India's most trusted brands according to the Brand Trust Report 2014, a study conducted by Trust Research Advisory." (en.Wikipedia.org)




(2) Vulnerability description:
The web application indiatimes.com online website has a security problem. Hacker can exploit it by XSS bugs.


The code flaw occurs at Indiatimes's URL links. Indiatimes only filter part of the filenames in its website. All URLs under Indiatimes's "photogallery" and "top-llists" topics are affected. 


Indiatimes uses part of the links under "photogallery" and "top-llists" topics to construct its website content without any checking of those links at all. This mistake is very popular in nowaday websites. Developer is not security expert.


The vulnerability can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Mozilla Firefox (26.0) in Ubuntu (12.04) and Microsoft IE (9.0.15) in Windows 7.




Discovered and Reported by:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing/





Related Articles:
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2014/Nov/91

http://germancast.blogspot.de/2015/06/all-links-in-two-diatimes.html

https://vulnerabilitypost.wordpress.com/2014/12/04/indiatimes-xss

http://whitehatview.tumblr.com/post/104310651681/times-of-india-website

http://www.tetraph.com/blog/computer-security/all-links-in-two-topics-xss

http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/234603051201501352218524/

http://www.techworm.net/2014/12/times-india-website-vulnerable-xss

https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2014120004

http://itprompt.blogspot.com/2014/12/times-of-india-to.html

 

CVE-2014-8753  Cit-e-Net Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities


Exploit Title: Cit-e-Net Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: Cit-e-Access

Vendor: Cit-e-Net

Vulnerable Versions: Version 6

Tested Version: Version 6

Advisory Publication: February 12, 2015

Latest Update: June 01, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2014-8753

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Author: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)




Instruction Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

Cit-e-Net


Product & Version: 

Cit-e-Access

Version 6


Vendor URL & Download: 

Cit-e-Net can be downloaded from here,
https://www.cit-e.net/citeadmin/help/cntrainingmanualhowto.pdf
http://demo.cit-e.net/
http://www.cit-e.net/demorequest.cfm
http://demo.cit-e.net/Cit-e-Access/ServReq/?TID=1&TPID=17


Product Introduction:

"We are a premier provider of Internet-based solutions encompassing web site development and modular interactive e-government applications which bring local government, residents and community businesses together.

Cit-e-Net provides a suite of on-line interactive services to counties, municipalities, and other government agencies, that they in turn can offer to their constituents. The municipal government achieves a greater degree of efficiency and timeliness in conducting the daily operations of government, while residents receive improved and easier access to city hall through the on-line access to government services.


Our web-based applications can help your municipality to acheive its e-government goals. Type & click website content-management empowers the municipality to manage the website quickly and easily. Web page styles & formats are customizable by the municipality, and because the foundation is a database application, user security can be set for individual personnel and module applications. Our application modules can either be integrated into your existing municipal web site or implemented as a complete web site solution. It's your choice! Please contact us at info@cit-e.net to view a demonstration of our municipal web site solution if you are an elected official or member of municipal management and your municipality is looking for a cost efficient method for enhancing & improving municipal services. 


Interactive Applications

Online Service Requests

Online Tax Payments by ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Online Utility Payments by  ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Online General-Payments by ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Submit Volunteer Resume's Online for the municipality to match your skills with available openings."




(2) Vulnerability Details:

Cit-e-Access web application has a security bug problem. It can be exploited by XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user's browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several similar products 0Day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. Cit-i-Access has patched some of them. Open Sourced Vulnerability Database (OSVDB) is an independent and open-sourced database. The goal of the project is to provide accurate, detailed, current, and unbiased technical information on security vulnerabilities. The project promotes greater, open collaboration between companies and individuals. It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to important vulnerabilities and cyber intelligence.


(2.1) The first programming code flaw occurs at "/eventscalendar/index.cfm?" page with "&DID" parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.2) The second programming code flaw occurs at "/search/index.cfm?" page with "&keyword" parameter in HTTP POST.

(2.3) The third programming code flaw occurs at "/news/index.cfm" page with "&jump2" "&DID" parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.4) The fourth programming code flaw occurs at "eventscalendar?" page with "&TPID" parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.5) The fifth programming code flaw occurs at "/meetings/index.cfm?" page with "&DID" parameter in HTTP GET.





(3) Solutions:

Leave message to vendor. No response.
http://www.cit-e.net/contact.cfm





References:
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Feb/48
http://marc.info/?l=full-disclosure&m=142380271819297&w=4
https://packetstormsecurity.com/files/130392/Cit-e-Net-6
https://hackertopic.wordpress.com/2015/06/06/cve-2014-8753
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=746137642163648
http://mathswift.blogspot.com/2015/06/cve-2014-8753.html
http://inzeed.tumblr.com/post/120907933886/securitypost-cve-2014-8753
https://plus.google.com/u/0/100242269120759811496/posts/M5W1kShGpKr
https://twitter.com/essayjeans/status/607391837213458432
http://ittechnology.lofter.com/post/1cfbf60d_735a4d0
http://www.weibo.com/5099722551/Clqtl3zWs?from=page_1005055099722551
http://blog.163.com/greensun_2006/blog/static/11122112201557115414537/
http://japanbroad.blogspot.jp/2015/06/cve-2014-8753-cit-e-net
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=43609503322
http://whitehatpost.lofter.com/post/1cc773c8_73568f4
https://dailymem.wordpress.com/2015/06/06/cve-2014-8753
http://itinfotech.tumblr.com/post/120907872116/securitypost-cve-2014-8753
https://progressive-comp.com/?l=full-disclosure&m=142380271819297&w=1
http://www.tetraph.com/blog/xss-vulnerability/cve-2014-8753